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Germany is the 2nd largest export economy in the world and the 3rd most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI). In 2017, Germany exported $1.33T and imported $1.08T, resulting in a positive trade balance of $251B. In 2017 the GDP of Germany was $3.68T and its GDP per capita was $50.6k.

The top exports of Germany are Cars ($158B), Vehicle Parts ($64.1B), Packaged Medicaments ($50.6B), Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($27.2B) and Human or Animal Blood and Vaccines ($23.7B), using the 1992 revision of the HS (Harmonized System) classification. Its top imports are Cars ($60B), Vehicle Parts ($42.1B), Crude Petroleum ($30.1B), Packaged Medicaments ($25.8B) and Human or Animal Blood and Vaccines ($22.1B).

The top export destinations of Germany are the United States ($111B), France ($103B), China ($95B), the United Kingdom ($90.3B) and the Netherlands ($84.5B). The top import origins are China ($109B), the Netherlands ($89.9B), France ($69.1B), the United States ($61.6B) and Italy ($58.5B).

Germany borders Austria, Belgium, Switzerland, the Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Poland by land and the United Kingdom and Sweden by sea.

Economic Complexity of Germany

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